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documents in the library in the category Energy

The need for energy, the different types, the advantages and disadvantages of each type as relating to the climate. The transition from one type to another energy. Numbers and timescales. Political and economic consequences.

http://www.unscear.org/unscear/en/fukushima.html
also in categories effects, health, international references, nuclear, radiation moreless
UNSCEAR's assessment of levels and effects of radiation exposure due to the nuclear accident after the 2011 great east-Japan earthquake and tsunami.On 11 March 2011, the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant suffered major damage from the failure of equipment after the magnitude 9.0 great east-Japan earthquake and subsequent tsunami. It was the largest civilian nuclear accident since the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Radioactive material was released from the damaged plant and tens of thousands of people were evacuated. moreless
https://www.withouthotair.com
also in categories international references, solar, technology, wind moreless
MacKay deals with the essential numbers that put various clean energy sources into the context necessary to make sensible choices. He puts emphasis on energy density, or in other words, how much land is needed for each source, and how applicable each is in different environments. The finest source on the subject. moreless
http://sauvonsleclimat.org/images/articles/pdf_files/Plaquette SLCHD 6.pdf
also in categories economics, french, mitigation, plans and scenarios moreless
A thorough mitigation scenario to contain temperature rise to 2°C. Gives detail requirements for all major GHG generating sectors. Much has been deduced from the situation in France, however the logic is transferable to other countries. moreless
http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/mailings/2014/20140221_DraftOpinion.pdf
also in categories economics, education and training, effects, fossil fuel, international references, nuclear, sea, solar, wind moreless
Do numbers speak ? Here are the numbers, and here are explanations of what they are saying. The truths are more important than the myths. Should be obligatory reading. Do numbers speak ? Here are the numbers, and here are explanations of what they are saying. The truths are more important than the myths. Should be obligatory reading. Do numbers speak? Here are the numbers, and here are explanations of what they are saying. The truths are more important than the myths. Should be obligatory reading. moreless
http://csas.ei.columbia.edu/our-work/climate-data-2/graphs/
also in categories causes, coal, education and training, effects, fossil fuel, international references, natural gas, nuclear, petroleum, sea, solar, wind moreless
The graphs show both the climate changes and the consequences over time. Click on the graph and see the scientific papers that support the graph data. moreless
https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr.pdf
also in categories carbon capture, causes, coal, education and training, effects, fossil fuel, government, international references, mitigation, models, natural gas, negotiations, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, solar, wind moreless
This Synthesis Report is based on the assessment carried out by the three Working Groups (WGs) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides an integrated view of climate change as the final part of the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Topic 1 summarizes observed changes in climate and their effects on natural and human systems, regardless of their causes, while Topic 2 assesses the causes of the observed changes. Topic 3 presents projections of future climate change and related impacts under different scenarios. Topic 4 discusses adaptation and mitigation options over the next few decades and their interactions with sustainable development.
Excellent example of the thinking and methodology, but not the most recent data. moreless
http://www.manicore.com/documentation/petrole/Charbon_nucleaire.html
also in categories economics, effects, french, health, nuclear moreless
Implications, economic and climatic, of exiting from nuclear. moreless
https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/chernobyl.pdf
also in categories education and training, international references, nuclear, radiation moreless
IAEA Summary report on the Chernobyl accident 20 years after. The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986 was the most severe in the history of the nuclear power industry, causing a huge release of radionuclides over large areas of Belarus, Ukraine and the Russian Federation. Now, 20 years later, UN Agencies and representatives of the three countries have reviewed the health, environmental and socio-economic consequences. moreless
https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/11/06/fact-sheet-obama-administration-announces-actions-ensure-nuclear-energy
also in categories economics, government, industry, nuclear moreless
As detailed in the Climate Action Plan, President Obama is committed to using every appropriate tool to combat climate change. Nuclear power, which in 2014 generated about 60 percent of carbon-free electricity in the United States, continues to play a major role in efforts to reduce carbon emissions from the power sector. The continued development of new and advanced nuclear technologies along with support for currently operating nuclear power plants is an important component of our clean energy strategy. moreless
http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library.aspx
also in categories economics, industry, nuclear, technology moreless
Facts, figures, energy and environment, country profiles, future developments, etc. moreless
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-5bVbfWuq-Q
also in categories biofuel, fossil fuel, habitation, mitigation, nuclear, solar, transportation, wind moreless
David MacKay video showing why he believes in arithmetic, explains energy usage in UK in terms of average number of lightbulbs /day / person, and the landmass necessary to support each energy option. moreless
https://sauvonsleclimat.org/images/articles/pdf_files/art_sel/Enforced nuclear-inderscience-site.pdf
also in categories carbon capture, economics, mitigation, nuclear, plans and scenarios moreless
This paper proposes a modification of the IPPC mitigation scenario MESSAGE whereby large scale deployment of nuclear reactors are deployed from 2020 rather than 2060, thereby greatly reducing the need for yet unproven carbon capture. moreless
https://www.manicore.com/anglais/documentation_a/greenhouse/kaya_equation.html#titre
also in categories carbon capture, causes, economics, mitigation, nuclear, solar, success and failures, wind moreless
Greenhouse gases emissions, wealth, energy intensity, population... The link between all those figures, that a number of experts - physicists, economists, engineers, demographers - all appreciate in their own field ? An simple equation, absolutely wonderful because it is precisely so simple (and, as we will see, so awful for the same reason), allows us to show how these notions can be linked to one another. Perhaps the missing link in making climate mitigation decisions? A Jancovici classic. moreless
https://www.manicore.com/anglais/documentation_a/energy.html
also in category economics moreless
Jancovici argues that it is not energy that depends on the economy, but the other way around. This has important consequences.The economy - depends strongly on energy. Our economy is "only" a large system to transform resources, taking into the environment all kind of things to turn them into products and services. As any transformation goes along with the use of energy, it seems logical that the output of the economy is strongly coupled to the amount of energy injected in the system. moreless
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0124074
also in categories fossil fuel, mitigation moreless
Shows how, based on Swedish and French deployment data, it would be possible to replace all fossil fuel used for electricity generation by nuclear. moreless
http://collections.plos.org/responding-to-climate-change
also in categories causes, economics, effects, health, international references, mitigation, nuclear, plans and scenarios, solar, wind moreless
Massive climate documentation library. A “must” reference for diverse quality information. Few areas can benefit as much from Open Access as climate change research: the combination of public, scientific, and governmental interest with the mounting misinformation, unsubstantiated opinions, and unsourced data make public access to original, well-reported, and peer-reviewed climate change research of utmost importance. An international reference. moreless
http://energie-crise.fr/spip.php?article216
also in categories french, hydroelectric, mitigation, plans and scenarios, sea, solar, technology, transportation, wind moreless
Critique of Mark Jacobson’s wind, water and sun “solution” for French energy transition. moreless
http://energie-crise.fr/IMG/pdf/10-f.-wagner-l-houches-kurz.pdf
also in categories coal, economics, effects, fossil fuel, mitigation, nuclear, solar, success and failures, wind moreless
Max Planck Institut’s analysis of the German energy transition project and identification of it’s numerous limitations. moreless
http://dojomouse.com/ev-myths-and-realities-part-2-green-as-the-grid/
also in categories fossil fuel, technology, transportation moreless
Discusses whether Electrical Vehicles are really ‘Clean and Green’, or just misrepresented as such. EVs are seen as a big step forward on the path to a clean energy future – unless they only move the pollution over to a coal or other dirty power plant. moreless
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0081648
also in categories carbon capture, causes, economics, effects, forests, government, industry, mitigation, plans and scenarios moreless
James Hansen, et.al. Assessment of impacts of global warming using ongoing observations and paleoclimate data. We use Earth’s measured energy imbalance, paleoclimate data, and simple representations of the global carbon cycle and temperature to define emission reductions needed to stabilise climate and avoid potentially disastrous impacts. moreless
http://www4.unfccc.int/ndcregistry/Pages/Home.aspx
also in categories agriculture, economics, forests, government, international references, negotiations, plans and scenarios moreless
A public database of submitted INDCs. This data can be used to calculate a worldwide mitigation response. These commitments are expected to improve over time. moreless
https://www.climate.gov/news-features/features/2015-state-climate-highlights
also in categories agriculture, causes, economics, education and training, effects, forests, government, international references, models, plans and scenarios, sea, technology moreless
The State of the Climate report series is an authoritative annual summary of the global climate. Published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, the report is edited by scientists at NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information. The 2015 report is based on contributions from more than 450 scientists from 62 countries, drawing on tens of thousands of measurements of Earth's climate. moreless
http://www.sfen.org/fr/rgn/allemagne-la-facture-delectricite-senvole
also in categories economics, french, plans and scenarios, success and failures, technology moreless
Discussions of the costs of the German Energy Transition plan, and it’s achievements and limitations ;Conclusion: Le rapport coût-bénéfice de la transition énergétique allemande est désastreux. En dépit de ces investissements astronomiques dans le développement des renouvelables, la décarbonisation du secteur électrique ne progresse pas. Les émissions des gaz à effet de serre sont mêmes revenues à leur niveau de 2009. Allemagne ne semble pas en mesure d’atteindre les objectifs climatiques qu’elle s’est fixée. moreless
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ox_FZC6SGZc&feature=youtu.be
also in categories mitigation, nuclear, solar, success and failures, wind, video moreless
Dr. Hansen and three other notable climate scientists argue that the CO2 reductions necessary to contain the global temperature rise cannot be achieved with proven technology without a considerable increase in the contribution of nuclear energy. moreless
http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/14123-8-GB_loi-TE-mode-emploi_DEF_light.pdf
also in categories economics, french, government, industry, mitigation, negotiations, nuclear, plans and scenarios, solar, transportation, wind moreless
Description of the plan adopted into French law in 2015. Can be used as a base to follow the achievements, or limitations of the objectives. moreless
http://unfccc.int/files/focus/long-term_strategies/application/pdf/mid_century_strategy_report-final_red.pdf
also in categories biofuel, carbon capture, causes, coal, economics, effects, forests, fossil fuel, government, habitation, hydroelectric, industry, mitigation, natural gas, negotiations, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, promising technology, recycling solutions, solar, success and failures, technology, transportation, wind moreless
US commitment to COP22. This document lays out a strategy to deeply decarbonize the U.S. economy by 2050. This document has been presented immediately after the US 2016 election results. At this point in time, little is known about the future of these very worthwhile commitments. moreless
http://sciencespot.co.uk/global-energy-issues-and-the-nuclear-question.html
also in categories carbon capture, mitigation, nuclear, plans and scenarios, promising technology, technology moreless
An international team of scientists suggests that we must ramp up energy production by nuclear power if we are to succeed in warding off the worst effects of climate change. Writing in the International Journal of Global Energy Issues, the team suggests that beginning in 2020 we could achieve an annual electricity output of 20 terawatts without needing to develop carbon dioxide trapping and storage technology for the tens of billions of tons of emissions that would otherwise drive global warming to catastrophic levels. moreless
https://www.iaea.org/NuclearPower/Downloadable/Meetings/2014/2014-10-06-10-08-TM-NPE/14-Bragg_Sitton-Integrated_Nuclear_Renewable_Energy_Systems_(IAEA).pdf
also in categories industry, nuclear, promising technology, technology moreless
In the next 30 years, we expect to see substantial change in energy systems as the lifetime of existing plants ends and new plants are built with the EPA goals in mind. Replacement systems will have to enter a new operational paradigm in which integrated industrial-scale systems might provide the optimum way forward. An interesting view of future energy systems architecture. Does not take into consideration in US political changes. moreless
https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/239588-starting-2018-china-will-begin-turning-coal-plants-nuclear-reactors
also in categories coal, economics, mitigation, nuclear, technology moreless
Chinese atomic energy experts have announced an ambitious plan to begin turning the country’s coal plant infrastructure into working nuclear power stations. The first working demonstration unit could begin real commercial operations as early as 2018.The plan could reenforce China’s position as one of the world’s most aggressive actors on climate change — though just as important to China is nuclear’s ability to help deal with its growing problem with air pollution. moreless
https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/3235004/Trump-Transition-Questionaire-to-Dept-Energy.pdf
also in categories coal, effects, fossil fuel, government, mitigation, natural gas, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, solar, success and failures, transportation, waste, wind moreless
Trump’s transition team has circulated a 74-point questionnaire at the Department of Energy asking for the names of employees and contractors who have attended climate change policy conferences, and associated emails and documents. This document is being scrutinised in an attempt to predict the new government’s climate policy. These questions could serve as the basis for a purge of EPA employees, and casts doubts on virtually all climate mitigation scenarios. moreless
https://www.data.gov/climate/
also in categories community, effects, forests, government, health, mitigation, sea, technology moreless
Data resources related to climate change that can help prepare America’s communities, businesses, and citizens. There is data and resources related to coastal flooding, food resilience, water, ecosystem vulnerability, human health, energy infrastructure, transportation and the Arctic region. Over time, additional data and tools relevant to other climate-related impacts will be added. moreless
https://toolkit.climate.gov/
also in categories agriculture, causes, community, economics, education and training, effects, forests, government, health, industry, mitigation, models, recycling solutions, technology, transportation, video moreless
Frameworks and tools to understand and address climate issues that impact people and their communities. Build resilience to climate impacts, see what others are doing, explore local situations. moreless
https://www.epa.gov/climate-change-science
also in categories education and training, effects, mitigation, sea moreless
Climate science overview, causes of climate change, future of climate change and many other things. This agency is under serious threat from the incoming US administration. moreless
http://unfccc.int/files/mfc2013/application/pdf/fr_strategy_resume2.pdf
also in categories agriculture, biofuel, carbon capture, coal, economics, forests, fossil fuel, french, government, habitation, hydroelectric, industry, natural gas, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, recycling solutions, solar, technology, transportation, waste, wind moreless
Explains how France intends to reduce GHG to 140 Mt (divide by factor 4, 1990 — 2050) in two generations. moreless
https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5515d9f9e4b04d5c3198b7bb/t/552d37bbe4b07a7dd69fcdbb/1429026747046/An Ecomodernist Manifesto.pdf
also in categories agriculture, carbon capture, community, economics, effects, forests, government, habitation, industry, nuclear, plans and scenarios, promising technology, technology moreless
A revolutionary reevaluation of environmentalism, with a high reliance on technology to provide human needs while providing environmental space for wilderness and wild things. moreless
http://decarbonizeurope.org/en/
also in categories agriculture, coal, economics, effects, forests, fossil fuel, habitation, industry, negotiations, plans and scenarios, transportation moreless
Nine propositions to take Europe to a post-carbon era before 2050 moreless
https://static1.squarespace.com/static/56a45d683b0be33df885def6/t/58226d96d2b85731cb704dca/1478651293072/Clean Energy Emergency v17.pdf
also in categories economics, effects, nuclear, solar, success and failures, wind moreless
Quantitative effects of replacing nuclear worldwide. moreless
http://www.moltexenergy.com/learnmore/Moltex_Renewables.pdf
also in categories industry, nuclear, promising technology moreless
Describes how to use molten salt to store up to 8 hours excess energy in in the form of heat in molten salt. moreless
http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy12osti/53066.pdf
also in categories economics, industry, promising technology, solar, technology moreless
Developing a Cost Model and Methodology to Estimate Capital Costs for Thermal Energy Storage moreless
https://envirodatagov.org/
also in categories education and training, government, plans and scenarios moreless
Dismantling this infrastructure — which ranges from databases to satellites to models for climate, air, and water — could imperil the public’s right to know, the United States’ standing as a scientific leader, corporate accountability, and environmental protection. moreless
https://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/pdf/energy-economics/energy-outlook-2017/bp-energy-outlook-2017.pdf
also in categories economics, government moreless
Rapid improvements in the competitiveness of renewable energy mean that increases in renewables, together with nuclear and hydro energy, provide around half of the increase inglobal energy out to 2035. Even so, the most likely path sees carbon emissions continuing to increase, indicating the need for further policy action. moreless
https://globalchange.mit.edu/sites/default/files/newsletters/files/2016-JP-Outlook.pdf
also in categories agriculture, biofuel, carbon capture, economics, forests, mitigation, models, nuclear, plans and scenarios, solar, technology, wind moreless
MIT RESEARCH MISSIONOur integrated team of natural and social scientists studies the interactions among human and Earth systems to provide a sound foundation of scientific knowledge to aid decision?makers in confronting future food, energy, water, climate, air pollution and other interwoven challenges. Much details on energy alternatives, including costs, safety, and Timeliness of availability. moreless
http://www.sauvonsleclimat.org/images/articles/pdf_files/etudes/Electricites intermittentes.pdf
also in categories economics, french, habitation, solar, wind moreless
Wind and solar generated electricity, CO2, and prices for WesternEeuropean households moreless
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BX1r8OAmz9I
also in categories causes, forests, government, habitation, industry, international references, models, plans and scenarios, video moreless
Wakeup call for climate realism. moreless
http://www.tsp-data-portal.org/
also in categories economics, industry, models, technology moreless
Oil Production Extrapolation, Scenarios, Electricity Statistics, Primary energy Statistics, Climate. Data can be browsed, exported, modeled moreless
https://energsustainsoc.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s13705-014-0029-1
also in categories economics, solar, technology, wind moreless
This article presents some crucial findings of the joint research project entitled «Storage of electric energy from renewable sources in the natural gas grid-water electrolysis and synthesis of gas components». The challenges of using these technologies on an industrial scale are discussed. moreless
https://thebreakthrough.org/images/main_image/
also in categories fossil fuel, government, industry, natural gas, petroleum, technology moreless
Government’s role in the development of hydraulic fracturing in shale moreless

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