The Document Library

If you’ve browsed through our continuously updated documents, you’ll have appreciated their breadth of scope and their seriousness.

We have peer reviewed international references that are often overlooked in mainstream media and other climate sites.

We have documents that criticise things that haven’t worked, and since we’ve concentrated on science and tried to factor out ideology, some of our documents may seem controversial.

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eighteen documents in the library in the category Fossil Fuel

Fossil Fuel: The relationship between fossil fuels and the production of GHG. Needs and use of fossil fuels, distinctions between the different fuels. Economic consequences of limiting or replacing the various fuels.

http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=26912
also in categories coal, fossil fuel, natural gas, petroleum moreless
Three fossil fuels—petroleum, natural gas, and coal—have provided more than 80% of total U.S. energy consumption for more than 100 years. In 2015, fossil fuels made up 81.5% of total U.S. energy consumption, the lowest fossil fuel share in the past century. In EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Reference case projections, which reflect current laws and policies, that percentage declines to 76.6% by 2040. Policy changes or technology breakthroughs that go beyond the trend improvements included in the Reference case could significantly change that projection. moreless
http://www.carbontax.org/carbon-tax-myths/
also in categories coal, economics, fossil fuel, government, natural gas, petroleum moreless
The entrenched power of the fossil-fuel industry and its political backers isn’t all that stands in the way of taxes on carbon pollution. Outmoded ideas and enduring myths about energy use and taxes are also factors. A list of 8 myths explained. moreless
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWq4TTI_DNw
also in categories coal, economics, fossil fuel, government, natural gas, petroleum moreless
An interview with James Hansen at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting. Here, Dr. Hansen speaks in simple, politically astute terms about how best to put a price on carbon. We are already paying a carbon tax, with the lungs, brains, and organs of our citizens, and it is costing us billions. It’s time we face up to consciously pricing fossil fuels so that we can make market based, rational decisions on our energy policy. moreless
http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/coalvswind/brief_coal.html#bf-toc-5
also in categories causes, coal, fossil fuel, health, waste moreless
A 500 megawatt coal plant produces 3.5 billion kilowatt-hours per year, enough to power a city of about 140,000 people. It burns 1,430,000 tons of coal, uses 2.2 billion gallons of water and 146,000 tons of limestone.It also puts out, each year a frightening list of noxious and toxic compounds. moreless
http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/mailings/2014/20140221_DraftOpinion.pdf
also in categories economics, education and training, effects, energy, fossil fuel, international references, nuclear, sea, solar, wind moreless
Do numbers speak? Here are the numbers, and here are explanations of what they are saying. The truths are more important than the myths. Should be obligatory reading. moreless
http://csas.ei.columbia.edu/our-work/climate-data-2/graphs/
also in categories causes, coal, education and training, effects, energy, fossil fuel, international references, natural gas, nuclear, petroleum, sea, solar, wind moreless
The graphs show both the climate changes and the consequences over time. Click on the graph and see the scientific papers that support the graph data. moreless
https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr.pdf
also in categories carbon capture, causes, coal, education and training, effects, energy, fossil fuel, government, international references, mitigation, models, natural gas, negotiations, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, solar, wind moreless
This Synthesis Report is based on the assessment carried out by the three Working Groups (WGs) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides an integrated view of climate change as the final part of the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Topic 1 summarizes observed changes in climate and their effects on natural and human systems, regardless of their causes, while Topic 2 assesses the causes of the observed changes. Topic 3 presents projections of future climate change and related impacts under different scenarios. Topic 4 discusses adaptation and mitigation options over the next few decades and their interactions with sustainable development.
Excellent example of the thinking and methodology, but not the most recent data. moreless
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-5bVbfWuq-Q
also in categories biofuel, energy, fossil fuel, habitation, mitigation, nuclear, solar, transportation, wind moreless
David MacKay video showing why he believes in arithmetic, explains energy usage in UK in terms of average number of lightbulbs /day / person, and the landmass necessary to support each energy option. moreless
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0124074
also in categories energy, fossil fuel, mitigation moreless
Shows how, based on Swedish and French deployment data, it would be possible to replace all fossil fuel used for electricity generation by nuclear. moreless
http://energie-crise.fr/IMG/pdf/10-f.-wagner-l-houches-kurz.pdf
also in categories coal, economics, effects, energy, fossil fuel, mitigation, nuclear, solar, success and failures, wind moreless
Max Planck Institut’s analysis of the German energy transition project and identification of it’s numerous limitations. moreless
http://unfccc.int/files/focus/long-term_strategies/application/pdf/mid_century_strategy_report-final_red.pdf
also in categories biofuel, carbon capture, causes, coal, economics, effects, energy, forests, fossil fuel, government, habitation, hydroelectric, industry, mitigation, natural gas, negotiations, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, promising technology, recycling solutions, solar, success and failures, technology, transportation, wind moreless
US commitment to COP22. This document lays out a strategy to deeply decarbonize the U.S. economy by 2050. This document has been presented immediately after the US 2016 election results. At this point in time, little is known about the future of these very worthwhile commitments. moreless
https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/3235004/Trump-Transition-Questionaire-to-Dept-Energy.pdf
also in categories coal, effects, energy, fossil fuel, government, mitigation, natural gas, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, solar, success and failures, transportation, waste, wind moreless
Trump’s transition team has circulated a 74-point questionnaire at the Department of Energy asking for the names of employees and contractors who have attended climate change policy conferences, and associated emails and documents. This document is being scrutinised in an attempt to predict the new government’s climate policy. These questions could serve as the basis for a purge of EPA employees, and casts doubts on virtually all climate mitigation scenarios. moreless
http://unfccc.int/files/mfc2013/application/pdf/fr_strategy_resume2.pdf
also in categories agriculture, biofuel, carbon capture, coal, economics, energy, forests, fossil fuel, french, government, habitation, hydroelectric, industry, natural gas, nuclear, petroleum, plans and scenarios, recycling solutions, solar, technology, transportation, waste, wind moreless
Explains how France intends to reduce GHG to 140 Mt (divide by factor 4, 1990 — 2050) in two generations. moreless
http://decarbonizeurope.org/en/
also in categories agriculture, coal, economics, effects, energy, forests, fossil fuel, habitation, industry, negotiations, plans and scenarios, transportation moreless
Nine propositions to take Europe to a post-carbon era before 2050 moreless
https://thebreakthrough.org/images/main_image/Where_the_Shale_Gas_Revolution_Came_From2.pdf
also in categories energy, fossil fuel, government, industry, natural gas, petroleum, technology moreless
Government’s role in the development of hydraulic fracturing in shale moreless
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/aa815f
also in categories fossil fuel, government moreless
This paper assesses whether ExxonMobil Corporation has in the past misled the general public about climate change. moreless
https://jancovici.com/transition-energetique/renouvelables/100-renouvelable-pour-pas-plus-cher-fastoche/
also in categories economics, energy, fossil fuel, french, hydroelectric, nuclear, solar, success and failures, technology, wind moreless
J M Jancovici explains why RE is 6 x more expensive than nuclear, and 10x more for solar moreless
http://www.elysee.fr/declarations/article/discours-du-president-de-la-republique-emmanuel-macron-lors-de-la-cop23-a-bonn/
also in categories economics, effects, energy, fossil fuel, french, government, habitation, industry, nuclear, plans and scenarios, solar, transportation, wind moreless
French President Macron’s speech at COP23, which clarified French climate policy. The speech followed the science, unlike previous presidents’ speeches on the subject. It’s an example of lucidity and good sense. moreless

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